Broccoli, a cruciferous vegetable, is known for it’s anticancer properties. It is very high in vitamins C, K and A, fiber and folate. Other nutrients present are calcium, potassium, magnesium and protein.
Broccoli contains many antioxidants and phytochemicals. Three of the most important are:
- Isothiocyanates: Inhibit tumor growth and neutralize carcinogens
- Indoles: Stimulate detoxification, protect DNA and increase “good” estrogen metabolites- protecting against breast cancer
- Sulforaphane: Help fight carcinogens, reduce risk of prostate cancer.
The best way to eat broccoli is raw or by lightly sautéing. Steaming or thoroughly cooking reduces the nutrients present.